CARS

Porsche on his milk float – 1902


euronews.com 19-9-2022 Why tech companies are wrong to think electric cars are a solution to climate change – by Thomas Duthois, Anca Ulea, Benjie Croce

roadtonowherebook.com 7-2022 Road to Nowhere – by Paris Marx

Tech Won’t Save Us host Paris Marx breaks down the flaws in Silicon Valley’s technological visions for transportation, and makes a compelling argument for deep structural changes to create a sustainable mobility system that serves the public good.


de.style.yahoo.com 15-9-2022 immer mehr autos in deutschland


goodreads.com 2022 How the Car Created the Modern World – by Bryan Appleyard


economist.com 8-2022 – Could the EV boom run out of batteries? Possibly…

electric car batteries supply problems 2022

motortrend 8-2022 Electric Vehicles Are Way, Way More Energy-Efficient Than Internal Combustion Vehicles – only $1 out of $5 dollar’s worth actually gets you moving- by Justin Westbrook


cleantechnica.com 7-2022 Sustainable Electric Car That Cleans The Air While Driving — Zem

TU Eindhoven student team TU/ecomotive has developed a sustainable electric passenger car that captures more carbon dioxide (CO₂) than it emits while driving. It is a prototype, called Zem, that purifies the air through a special filter. By storing the captured CO₂ and then disposing it, Zem can contribute to reducing global warming. The students will continue to improve the vehicle in the coming years, with the goal of making it carbon-neutral for its entire life cycle and eventually hitting the road.


bbc.co.uk 4-3-2022 Tyre Extinguishers: Scores of SUVs have tyres deflated by activists


theguardian.com 19-2-2022 ‘We are afraid’: Erin Brockovich pollutant linked to global electric car boom – Investigation uncovers evidence of contaminated air and water from one of Indonesia’s largest nickel mines – by Febriana Firdaus, Tom Levitt

” A Guardian investigation into nickel mining and the electric vehicle industry has found evidence that a source of drinking water close to one of Indonesia’s largest nickel mines is contaminated with unsafe levels of hexavalent chromium (Cr6), the cancer-causing chemical more widely known for its role in the Erin Brockovich story and film. …Unlike other minerals used to power EVs such as cobalt and lithium – which have been linked to environmental damage and human rights abuses –nickel’s supply chain has so far gone largely unscrutinised. … The Chinese battery component producer GEM has signed an agreement to purchase nickel from the company, PT Halmahera Persada Lygend. GEM supplies battery components to many of the world’s leading EV battery manufacturers, including Chinese-owned CATL, which controls about 30% of the global battery market. … The ultimate beneficiaries are likely to be many of the most well-known EV brands, with nickel from these mines used to produce batteries that could end up in cars sold by Mercedes-Benz and Volkswagen (VW). Booming nickel prices and a “battery arms race” have seen a rush to develop mines but there are fears that regulatory oversight has failed to keep up with the pace of development.


theguardian.com/ TV tonight: a deep dig into Tesla’s electric car revolution – Panorama asks how ethical Elon Musk’s rare-metal supply chain is. 


thetimes.co.uk  22/7/2021 The environmental impact of electric cars – Just how green are low-emission vehicles? Graeme Paton, Anna Lombardi track their production, from mineral mines to the road and beyondFor more than a century, vehicles have been powered by fossil fuels. Latest figures show that there are 31.7 million cars on UK roads, of which about 31.5 million are still propelled completely, or in part, by petrol or diesel. The future, however, will be electric. By the end of this decade, the UK will ban the sale of pure fossil fuel-powered cars and vans, followed five years later by hybrids which run using a combination of a combustion engine and battery. …

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youmatter.world 2018  are-electric-cars-eco-friendly-and-zero-emission-vehicles- zero?

thisismoney.co.uk/  17/6/2021  Step on the gas: A new generation of hydrogen cars could be the real long-term answer to zero emissions driving – and the only by-product is water  By Ray Massey

inews.co.uk/  5/2020   “Hydrogen cars: How the fuel cell works, where the UK’s filling stations are and how expensive they are to run  Matt Allan
As the move away from internal combustion looks to be accelerating we look at the alternative to battery electric cars. The Government has announced that it is accelerating the ban on new petrol and diesel cars. It now wants to outlaw the sale of fossil fuel cars by 2035 and has extended its plans to cover hybrid vehicles as well. …”…


techxplore.com  18/5/2021 Mahle developing magnet-free electric motor that does not require rare earth elements by Bob Yirka

Mahle developing magnet-free electric motor that does not require rare earth elements

autoexpress.co.uk  29/4/2021  “Our rush to electric cars may harm the environment and snuff out valuable alternatives” – Steve Sutcliffe sees the accelerated mass adoption of electric cars having unforeseen environmental costs and smothering technologies with real short-term value.   by  Steve Sutcliffe

“… mining for lithium on a large scale … introduces droughts and famines into the communities that live anywhere near the mines. Pollution of the water supply can also be a bit of an issue, too, although the mining companies tend not to want us to know any of this, aiming major compensation deals at anyone or anything, including entire countries, that stand in their way … arguably lithium mining could, in the long run, wreak almost as much havoc on our planet as the mining of fossil fuels. …



… synthetic fuel is expensive to make and still produces unwanted emissions ultimately, but its real-world effects on the planet are, claim its creators, less significant overall than those of a full blown EV if you take every factor of its production and increased efficiency into consideration. …The trouble is, and as things stand, synthetic fuel will merely be a method of propulsion for second-hand cars only from 2030 – it is still classed as a fossil fuel – so its outright potential may never be realised. To succeed and make a difference, our governments need to seriously think about giving synthetic fuel some kind of qualified stay of execution. They also need to think hard about all the other sources of energy that could, and should, be invested in right now, rather than putting all their eggs in just one conveniently packaged, EV-labelled basket.


autoevolution.com/ 2021 Tesla Model 3 Long Range Loses Range Test to VW ID.4—Surprised? by Vlad Mitrache

..”…several real-world tests have proven that the procedure used by the EPA to come with these numbers has nothing to do with what happens on actual roads. The most recent example is Edmunds’ massive EV range test that revealed how most of the models from other manufacturers exceeded their EPA ratings, while no Tesla managed to meet theirs.


guardian.com   17/4 2021   Chinese firms prepare to charge into Europe’s electric car market – Tesla could be in for a shock as far-eastern rivals use cheap money to gain traction among affluent western car buye“Chinese rivals Nio, Xpeng and Li Auto have all rapidly risen in value.. (and) … their fundraising successes have allowed them to pour money into competing with Tesla in China. Now they are eyeing the European electric car market – the biggest in the world. …”


independent.com   4/2021  Car review: Is the Polestar 2 as good as a Tesla?– The Polestar 2 is vegan, electric and is a feat of modern engineering. But is it as good as the king of eco vehicles?          Sean O’Grady  isn’t so sure

“One definition of capitalism might be that it exists so that you buy things not only that you never knew you needed but that you never knew even existed. Welcome, then, readers to what I am assured is the world’s first vegan car. That’s correct; no animals were exploited, let alone harmed, in the making of this all-electric ultra-cool electric car. The Polestar 2, an electric performance brand spun out of Volvo combines Swedish style with Chinese battery technology, it uses no petrol or diesel, and there’s absolutely no tallow in it. You’ve never heard of it, but now you want one, don’t you? I bet if I told you it’s as good as a Tesla you’d want one even more, wouldn’t you? …But the Polestar isn’t a Volvo, it’s a Polestar and the reason why is that the Chinese group that nowadays owns Volvo cars, Geely, wanted to emulate the super-sexy desirability of Tesla, with the same kind of pioneering start-up vibe and novelty to the name. So they chose to create a separate division, Polestar, which was only used sparingly before as a Volvo performance sub-brand. It’s not Volvo’s fault, in other words, that their electric car isn’t known as a Volvo; it’s fashion. I doubt, no matter how good the cars are, that Polestar will ever be a brand like Tesla, because of the debatable magic of the Elon Musk name. Then again, given the bubble-like feel of the Tesla share price and Musk’s infatuation with Bitcoin I’m not sure that will sustain. I think I’d rather have an electric car from a big group such as Geely and from people who know how to make premium cars, such as Volvo. The Polestar is aimed at the Tesla 3, and there isn’t much in it except that the counterpart Tesla is a lot more expensive – about £7,000. That’s the price of buying into the cult of Musk. …”


forbes.com 11-2021 War On Inflation, Part 3: Resuming Leadership In High Capacity Battery Manufacture by Robert Hockett

Buffalo Electric Carriage

…”…The fact that US firms are acting individually rationally in not leading the charge to national self-sufficiency on the one hand, combined with the fact that not restoring this self-sufficiency in light of the perils described above is collectively irrational on the other hand, lends US dependence on foreign-sourced battery and battery pack manufacture the character of a classic collective action problem. For a collective action problem just is a choice situation in which multiple individually rational decisions aggregate into collectively irrational outcomes.

The solution to collective action challenges, which are ubiquitous in modern macro-economies, is straightforward. What are required are well-considered and well-planned exercises of collective agency – that is, concerted and mindful public action. The InvestAmerica Plan noted in the Introduction above is meant to enable precisely that – collective agency of a kind that renders individual private agency on the part of business firms once again profitable and hence individually rational. How the Plan does this in the realm of battery manufacture is the subject of the next section. …”…


theguardian.com 2/2012 SUVs and extra traffic cancelling out electric car gains in Britain –  Auditors say emissions down just 1% since 2011 and target of zero emissions by 2050 is a long way off


bbc.co.uk 2/2021 Chinese £3,200 budget electric car takes on Tesla  By Justin Harper


theguardian.com 3/2012 Fossil fuel cars make ‘hundreds of times’ more waste than electric cars
Analysis by transport group says battery electric vehicles are superior to their petrol and diesel counterparts


carmagazine.co.uk 22/3/2012 How long do electric car batteries last? Fossil fuel cars make ‘hundreds of times’ more waste than electric cars  – Analysis by transport group says battery electric vehicles are superior to their petrol and diesel counterparts


newsroom.posco.com   2017  The Forgotten Fleet: Looking Back on Early Electric Vehicles for a Better Future


see also Is Greenwashing the New Money Laundering?