Commons Network is a collaboratory for the social and ecological transition. – We bring together people and ideas and we provide tools and insights for social movements, governments and civil society. – We explore new models for economy and society in order to collectively transform the system and shape a caring and just future.
Development Economics, Development Studies, International Development, Political Ecology, Sustainable Development, Ecology, Economic Development, Environmental Sustainability
The safe and just space framework devised by Raworth calls for the world’s nations to achieve key minimum thresholds in social welfare while remaining within planetary boundaries. Using data on social and biophysical indicators provided by O’Neill et al., this paper argues that it is theoretically possible to achieve a good life for all within planetary boundaries in poor nations by building on existing exemplary models and by adopting fairer distributive policies. However, the additional biophysical pressure that this entails at a global level requires that rich nations dramatically reduce their biophysical footprints by 40–50%. Extant empirical studies suggest that this degree of reduction is unlikely to be achieved solely through efforts to decouple GDP growth from environmental impact, even under highly optimistic conditions. Therefore, for rich nations to fit within the boundaries of the safe and just space will require that they abandon growth as a policy objective and shift to post-capitalist economic models.
foreignaffairs.com 14-9-2022 The Unkept Promises of Western Aid – How Donor Countries Cook Their Books and Let Down the Developing World – By Ian Mitchell and Nancy Birdsall
tandfonline.com 2018 Critique of development economics Franklin Obeng-Odoom
academia.edu 2016 Poverty: Who, where and why? Pavlos Koktsidis – DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION IN THEORY AND PRACTICE – An educator’s resource Edited by: Michal Cenker, Louiza Hadjivasiliou, Patrick Marren, Niamh Rooney
“There is a fundamental criticism of the IMF / Washington consensus approach: It does not acknowledge that development requires a transformation of society. Uganda grasped this in its radical elimination all school fees, something that budget accountants focusing solely on revenues and costs simply could not understand. (Joseph Stiglitz (2002), “Globalization and its Discontents”, p. 76)
Human beings are not only the most important means of social development, they are also its profoundest end. Being a fine piece of capital is not the most exalted state that can happen to a human being. (Amartya Sen (1998), “Human Development and Financial Conservatism”, p. 734)
The Problem: The discourse and practice of development is at a critical juncture now. The idea of development in its present interventionist mode had originated at the end of the Second World War as a new vision of hope against the backdrop of the devastating experiences of the war and the rising process of decolonisation. At this juncture, the idea of development shaped new forms of political responsibility on a global scale. It gave rise to many applications. Now, after more than fifty years development has gradually lost its appeal and vitality. We are facing a crisis, not knowing how to move on in a meaningful way. We now face a crisis in a foundational way and in terms of major transformations at the macro level as well as in our daily routines in the world of development. In our daily routines of development we face disjunctures and lack of communication between different domains of development, for example…”… pdf here