[ This was recommended by Chris on Nov 30th ]
[ Below is from 10 minerals.docx ]
Mostly in Chile
Of 20 million produced global-ly:
Chile 5.6 million
Chile produces more than one quarter of the world’s copper, and is also by far the country with the largest cop-per reserves.
Top copper producers include the Chilean government-owned Codelco, BHP Group, Glencore, Anglo-American and Antofagasta.
Chile’s top copper mines include:
Chuquicamata (Codelco-owned and the sec-ond deepest as well as one of the largest open-pit mines in the world)
Escondida (owned by BHP Group, Rio Tinto and Japan Escondida)
El Teniente (operated by Codelco and the world’s largest underground mine)
Collahuasi (Chile’s second-largest copper mine and owned by Anglo-American, Glen-core, Mitsui and JX Holdings)
Los Bronces (owned by Anglo American, Mitsubishi Corp., Codelco, and Mitsui)
Los Pelambres (owned by Antofagasta Plc, Nippon Mining and Mitsubishi Materials)
Radomiro Tomic (operated by Codelco).
Copper consumption ranks third in the world, behind iron and aluminium. Most of the metal produced is used for electrical applications.
Chile – miner’s strike 2019, president Sebastian Piñera, announced some concessions: a guaranteed minimum wage of about $3.5 an hour, a tax increase for those earning over $11,000 a month, and lifting basic pensions by 20%. Unions putting pressure on the government to increase royalties on copper con-centrate exports to fund public projects.
Chile remains dependent on exports from the copper industry, which nurtures a large ancillary network of suppliers. The depressed long-term outlook for cop-per prices therefore has far-reaching ripple effects for employment, wages, government revenue, and nation-al income.
Profiling the world’s top five copper mining countries in 2020
Total copper mined in 2017 was 20,032,658 tonnes. Divided equally between all 7.5 billion people, this would be 26 kilograms per person; divided between 10 million, 20 kilograms; divided between 12.5 billion, 16 kilograms.
The top 10 producing countries are listed and charted below. Click the “▶Remaining countries” legend under the chart to see the others.
|Congo, Democratic Republic||1,094,638|
From https://www2.bgs.ac.uk/mineralsuk/statistics/wms.cfc?method=searchWMS :
Data type=”Production”, Commodity=”copper, mine”, Dates=2017, Countries=”All countries”.
|Papua New Guinea||105,419|
|Korea, Dem. P.R. of||1,800|