advances.sciencemag.org 2020 The Neolithic transition, which broadly describes the shift from foraging to farming, is one of the most important events in human history. In western Eurasia, the Neolithic way of life has been shown to spread westward from the northern Levant and potentially bypassing inner Anatolia from the seventh millennium BCE onward (1). Farming expanded along two main, archaeologically well-defined streams: along the Danube River to central Europe and along the Mediterranean coastline to Iberia (2, 3).
theguardian.com/ 6/2021 ‘Paradise exists!’: Sebastião Salgado’s stunning voyage into Amazônia – The voyage wrecked his knee and almost cost an eye – but it took the Brazilian photographer into a world of shamans, hidden tribes and infinite rainforests. He relives an extraordinary odyssey
The Sentinelese are direct descendants of the first humans from Africa, and are believed to have lived on the islands for over 55,000 years. These are the first people to have ever existed, and are perhaps the most genetically distinct tribe we know of. Because of evolving completely separate from other civilizations, they are believed to still not know how to make fire. The extent of their isolation can be gauged by the fact that their language is starkly different from the rest of the Andaman tribes. Though apart from that, there isn’t a whole lot that we know about them, except the type of weapons they use. While generally referred to as a Stone-age tribe, their weapons are actually made of metal, probably out of the shipwrecks off the island’s shores.
While it may sound the Sentinelese are a primitive tribe, they have somehow managed to not be a part of millennia of history shaping around them. Apart from the numerous invasions by surrounding empires, they survived the 2004 Tsunami that killed over 2000 people on the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago. While some believe that it was due to their ancient knowledge of the forces of nature, we’re all pretty much guessing here.
Ancient DNA from European Early Neolithic Farmers Reveals Their Near Eastern Affinities
Wolfgang Haak ,Oleg Balanovsky,Juan J. Sanchez,Sergey Koshel,Valery Zaporozhchenko,Christina J. Adler,Clio S. I. Der Sarkissian,Guido Brandt,Carolin Schwarz,Nicole Nicklisch,Veit Dresely,Barbara Fritsch,Elena Balanovska,Richard Villems,Harald Meller,Kurt W. Alt,Alan Cooper,the Genographic Consortium [ view less ]
Published: November 9, 2010https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000536
“The transition from a hunter–gatherer existence to a sedentary farming-based lifestyle has had key consequences for human groups around the world and has profoundly shaped human societies. Originating in the Near East around 11,000 y ago, an agricultural lifestyle subsequently spread across Europe during the New Stone Age (Neolithic). Whether it was mediated by incoming farmers or driven by the transmission of innovative ideas and techniques remains a subject of continuing debate in archaeology, anthropology, and human population genetics. Ancient DNA from the earliest farmers can provide a direct view of the genetic diversity of these populations in the earliest Neolithic. Here, we compare Neolithic haplogroups and their diversity to a large database of extant European and Eurasian populations. We identified Neolithic haplotypes that left clear traces in modern populations, and the data suggest a route for the migrating farmers that extends from the Near East and Anatolia into Central Europe. When compared to indigenous hunter–gatherer populations, the unique and characteristic genetic signature of the early farmers suggests a significant demographic input from the Near East during the onset of farming in Europe.
Comparing the Paleolithic & Neolithic Ages
The Paleolithic and Neolithic ages were similar, yet different. Life changed a lot from the Paleolithic age to the Neolithic age in terms of culture and technology. This is mainly because of the event of the Agricultural Revolution.